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In July 2016, One Child’s Village sponsored the construction of new latrines for the children at the Kawangware Children’s Center. The project was completed by August 2016 and has brought a much needed increase increase in sanitary conditions at the school. Your donations help us maintain these facilities for the orphans.

Location:

Kawangware Children’s Centre, Kawangware Slum, Nairobi, Kenya


Costs:

$2,500 to construct, including labour, digging, pumping, concrete base, brick construction, doors, roofing and more. There are also ongoing cost to sustain the condition of the building as well as the need for cleaning and maintenance of sanitary conditions.


Brief Intro:

Sanitation is a critical component of good health and survival. The World Health Organisation estimates that, in 2012, poor access to water, sanitation and proper hygiene was responsible for 842,000 annual deaths from diarrhoea, and 1.5% of the global burden of disease. This makes this risk factor an important environmental contributor to ill health. Most diarrhoeal deaths in the world are caused by unsafe water, sanitation or hygiene. You can support this project here.

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Project Summary:

Proper sanitation is scarce in the slum. The main sewer system consists of a ditch running along each side of the main street. Private individuals often go to the bathroom in plastic bags or pails, and then deposit them in the ditches every morning. As a result, illness is rampant and children are the most vulnerable.

We have solved that problem at the Kawangware Children’s Centre through the on-site construction of outdoor latrines. This small facility services our population of 200 children plus teachers and staff.


Project Details:

Many illnesses and diseases in the slums begin small, and can be easily managed with minor medical care if attended to immediately. The most common of these illnesses are “jiggers”, lice and ticks, diarrhea, dehydration, malaria, cholera, typhoid, tuberculosis, pneumonia, influenza and more.

Although these illnesses start out small, limited resources or poor access to proper healthcare can magnify their symptoms.

Almost all of these illnesses can quickly become life threatening, and some children under our care, sadly, have died in instances where we could not respond quickly enough or their illness had progressed too far before coming to our attention.You can prevent illness from taking hold of these children.

A small monthly donation can not only provide ongoing medical treatment for several children, it can also provide inspection and repair of sanitation services, clean water and food and many other health essentials


Project Details:

The entire project involved pumping out the existing latrine holes – which had flooded from spring rains that had been poorly diverted – then re-digging the latrine holes, re-lining the extended hole with brick, pouring a new foundation, and then replacing the previous surface structure including 3 girl’s bays and 3 boy’s bays. This structure was finished with a metal sheeting roof and secure wooden doors. All the labourers and contractors for the project were hired from the local community in order to make our project funds do extra work at supporting the community members.

A further degree of cleaning is required every day to keep the facilities clean. This involves regular maintenance of the construction to prevent degradation from weather, etc as well as using antiseptic cleaners to prevent disease. A proper water washing tank system is also positioned near the latrines so that children can wash their hands after using the facilities.

Statistics Show:

According to the United Nations:

“The United Nations estimates that there are 2.5 billion people who still do not use an improved sanitation facility and a little over 1 billion practicing open defecation.

In 2011, almost two thirds (64%) of the world, relied on improved sanitation facilities. Since 1990, almost 1.9 billion people have gained access to an improved sanitation facility. The greatest progress has been made in Eastern Asia, where sanitation coverage has increased from 27% in 1990 to 67% in 2011. This amounts to more than 626 million people gaining access to improved sanitation facilities over a 21-year period. However, current trends show sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia still struggle with low sanitation coverage. In sub-Saharan Africa, 44 per cent of the population uses either shared or unimproved facilities, and an estimated 26 per cent practices open defecation while in Southern Asia, the proportion of the population using shared or unimproved facilities has declined to 18 per cent but open defecation remains the highest of any region (39 per cent).

Open defecation rates declined globally from 24% in 1990 to 15% in 2011. In absolute numbers, this signifies a drop of 244 million people to 1.04 billion in 2011. The decline in the population practicing open defecation has differed from region to region. Eastern Asia, South-eastern Asia and the Latin America and Caribbean regions have seen a steady decline since earliest measurements describing conditions in 1990. In Southern Asia, the population practicing open defecation peaked around 1995, after which it declined. Only in sub-Saharan Africa is the number of people defecating in the open still increasing.

Pie chart: Countries with the largest numbers of people without access to improved sanitation (millions)

The state of sanitation remains a powerful indicator of the state of human development in any community. Access to sanitation bestows benefits at many levels. Cross-country studies show that the method of disposing of excreta is one of the strongest determinants of child survival: the transition from unimproved to improved sanitation reduces overall child mortality by about a third. Improved sanitation also brings advantages for public health, livelihoods and dignity-advantages that extend beyond households to entire communities.

The Millennium Development Goal 7 (MDG7) Target 10 is to halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. The world remains off track to meet the MDG sanitation target of 75% and if current trends continue, is set to miss the target by more than half a billion people. Unless the pace of change in the sanitation sector can be accelerated, the MDG target may not be reached until 2026.

Unless the pace of change in the sanitation sector can be accelerated, the MDG target may not be reached until 2026.

Basic sanitation is improved sanitation. Facilities that ensure hygienic separation of human excreta from human contact. They include:

    – Flush or pour-flush toilet/latrine to a piped sewer system, a septic tank or a pit latrine.
    – Ventilated improved pit latrine.
    – Pit latrine with slab.
    – Composting toilet.

Did you know?

    – 2.5 billion people – roughly 37 per cent of the world’s population – still lack what many of us take for granted: access to adequate sanitation.
    – Open defecation is one of the main causes of diarrhoea, which results in the deaths of more than 750,000 children under age 5 every year.
    – Every 20 seconds a child dies as a result of poor sanitation.
    – 80 per cent of diseases in developing countries are caused by unsafe water and poor sanitation, including inadequate sanitation facilities.
    – Access to sanitation, the practice of good hygiene, and a safe water supply could save 1.5 million children a year.
    – In 2006, the world’s population was almost equally divided between urban and rural dwellers. Nevertheless, more than 7 out of 10 people without improved sanitation were rural inhabitants.
    – Doing nothing is costly. Every US $1 spent on sanitation brings a $5.50 return by keeping people healthy and productive.”

(source – http://www.un.org/waterforlifedecade/sanitation.shtml)

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